Cleaning & stain removal.
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Workshop rugs are probably the most prevalent rugs produced. These include those made in the cities of Heriz, Sarouk, Oushak, Kerman, Kashan and Tabriz.
Rugs of this type originate from a controlled atmosphere i.e. the workshop. They utilize paper patterns (called cartoons) as visual guides in order to replicate particular designs. These Workshop rugs exhibit a wider variety of colors than those of the other two types of carpets. Likewise, they are created in more sophisticated designs and with more complex, detailed patterns than the other types. The standard of quality of rugs produced in workshops is high, hence every piece is fabricated with consistently good workmanship.
Nomadic rugs are most commonly produced in traditional patterns. These enduring designs have been memorized by each weaver and then imparted from one generation to the next. Primitive looms that can be easily disassembled and transported, as a group moves from place to place, are the tools of the trade. Wool spun into thicker strands produces coarser weaves. These rudimentary weaving techniques result in compositions that are more geometric and less curvilinear than workshop rugs.
Nomadic rugs are produced in places such as Bakhtiari, Afshar, Tekke, Kurdistan and Shahsavand.
Village rugs are primarily woven by women in their spare time to be sold in local marketplaces. The patterns of Village rugs are primitive in appearance, with strong colors and coarser weaves. The vagaries of daily life often make for creative interpretations of traditional designs. Village rugs, at times unique and singular, are commonly fabricated in towns such as Kazak, Bidjar, Shirvan, Karabagh and Karajeh.
Cleaning and Maintaining Oriental Rugs
Keeping your oriental clean and in good shape is important for both new and antique rugs! When dirt settles between the rug’s fibers, it acts as an abrasive that wears away the rug pile. This causes the fibers to get thinner and the rug may more quickly show wear. No matter how much you try vacuuming, you cannot remove the grit that is between fibers. It is best to have this dust taken out of the rug by experts-your rug dealer or other cleaning professionals. This is even more important than washing the rug! Even if the rug is to be ultimately washed, the dirt must be vacuumed away first.
The frequency with which a rug needs to be professionally washed depends on the amount of foot traffic it has sustained. For example, a living room rug may not need to be washed as often as a hallway or stairway runner. For a rug not in a high traffic area, 10 years between professional cleanings should suffice, with the dust removed every 3 to 4 years. You will be surprised at how nice the rug will look by just having the dust removed, even without washing!
When vacuuming, don’t use a rotary beater attachment and vacuum gently to avoid damaging the pile. A straw broom or simple sweeper is the best way to care for your rug.
Avoid using chemicals on rugs! For solid spills, try to remove the stain with a broom. For grease or liquid spills, blot moisture with a white cotton cloth or natural sponge (colored cloths/sponges may transfer color onto the rug) working from the exterior edge of the stain towards the center. If necessary, use a tiny drop of liquid dishwashing detergent to aid in stain removal.
Animal accidents must be attended to immediately! Dog food has coloring in it that will stain a rug. Urine needs to be vacuumed our as soon as possible. A hand operated shop-vacuum works well for this task. When all the liquid is removed, use a tiny drop of liquid dishwashing detergent, followed by deep blotting with vinegar. After you have blotted up the moisture, do not hesitate to call your rug dealer for assistance in further stain removal. If your rug is an investment quality rug, the very best preventative measure is to keep all pets off the rug!